Facial rejuvenation is a set of measures aimed at reducing external signs of aging, among which can be distinguished conservative (cosmetic, non-surgical) and surgical techniques.
The motivation of those who resort to facial rejuvenation may be different, but everyone agrees on one thing - no one wants to grow old and look "miserable reality". Appearance, in addition to the aesthetic side, has a significant impact on many aspects of life - for example, personal and professional. A person who looks young and capable is confident and more successful in relationships with the opposite sex and in business. For many people in public professions (artists, TV stations, politicians) the "high quality" appearance is an integral part of professional demand.
Age-related changes are natural. They are caused by the gradual accumulation of "damage" in various tissues. On the skin, the content of collagen and elastin decreases, the amount of fluid decreases, which leads to relaxation, the appearance of wrinkles and changes in the contour of the face. Many occupational and domestic hazards, poor environmental conditions, diseases and habits contribute to the aging process.
The modern development of medicine makes it possible to significantly change the external manifestations of aging and this is possible in a wide range of ages. Some of the most effective methods of facial rejuvenation today will be discussed below.
1. Botulinum toxin
Subcutaneous injections of botulinum toxin-based preparations. The therapeutic dosage is many times less than the toxic dose, therefore, with professional use, the method is practically safe. There is a temporary paralysis and relaxation of the facial muscles, which leads to the smoothing of the overlying layer of skin.
- Advantages: outpatient procedure, fast results, relative safety.
- Disadvantages: temporary nature of the changes, which requires repeated manipulations, possible allergy to the drug
Rejuvenate the face by introducing various substances and preparations under the skin, which improve its nutrition, stimulate local tissue metabolism and blood circulation. The most popular treatments used in this case are vitamin complexes, organic acids, collagen and elastin extracts, stem cells and fibroblasts. Bio-rejuvenation (introduction of hyaluronic acid), injections of polymethyl acrylate-based biogels can be considered a special case of mesotherapy.
- Advantages: simplicity and high execution speed, low penetration (degree of web penetration). Disadvantages: instability of the result, need for a series of procedures that must be repeated after a certain period of time, the possibility of increased sensitivity to injectable substances.
3. Laser exposure
Using laser energy, you can have multiple effects at once. At low intensity, restorative (restorative) processes are stimulated in the skin due to the formation of new collagen molecules. The strongest radiation leads to the removal of unsustainable layers of the skin (the so-called laser skin revolution). A similar technique is photorejuvenation, which uses the frequency of visible wavelengths.
- Advantages: low penetration, the ability to heal a large area of skin with one procedure
- Disadvantages: suitable for correcting small age-related changes, the result is unstable, the patient may have a photoallergy.
4. Heat (radio pitch (RF pitch))
The technique is similar to the laser, but the affecting factor is radio frequency radiation, which makes it possible to influence the deeper layers of the skin by raising their temperature locally. A similar ELOS resuscitation technology is based on the simultaneous use of high frequency current and optical waves.
- Advantages: mild nature of the procedure, fast results, few contraindications (mainly cancer).
- Disadvantages: the need for repetitive procedures after a while.
5. PeelingPeeling or reappearance - removal of the upper layer of the skin, which consists mainly of skin cells of varying degrees of vitality. In addition to the above laser action, mechanical (abrasive) and chemical peeling methods are used. The dosing effect gives impetus to the activation of the recovery processes and to the synthesis of new structural elements of the skin.
- Advantages: fast results. Disadvantages: the technique requires great care from the doctor and subsequent additional monitoring of the patient, the resulting wound surface is susceptible to infection, it is possible to suffer scars. The result appears only on superficial wrinkles.
Insertion under the skin of the face of special threads (medium thread reinforcement) made of inert absorbent materials (polydixanone), which provide the function of the frame and soften the skin. A new direction of this method is the thread lifting, in which the so-called three-dimensional mediastinum is used, which causes minimal tissue tension. Within a few months, there is complete absorption (absorption) of the imported fibers, while the support function is complemented by a temporary stimulating effect.
- Advantages: simplicity and possibility of fast process, relatively long-term result (several years).
- Disadvantages: individual reaction to the injected material is possible, sometimes scars appear on the skin, there are no statistics of long-term results for thread lifting.
7. Surgical lifting
Facial rejuvenation by performing functional facelift can be performed in several ways: Rytidectomy (a classic lifting technique), SMAS lifting, surgery with the introduction of endotoxins and so on. In the presence of a huge number of preservatives, plastic surgery remains the most effective method, as it can only reduce or eliminate age-related changes.
- Advantages: the ability to affect all areas of the face and adjacent areas (neck), correction of intense sagging skin, deep wrinkles and many other defects. The result is persistent (it can last for many years). Disadvantages: the possibility of complications related to operation and anesthesia, the need for a recovery period with many limitations, the possibility of facial deformity and the appearance of visible scars.
Facial rejuvenation methods are currently distinguished by a wide variety, which allows the patient to choose the most suitable for himself.