Wrinkles are creases in the skin, occurring in areas of increased activity in the muscles of the face. The most characteristic place of occurrence of mimic wrinkles - zone on the forehead and between the eyebrows and around the eyes and mouth. Apart from the body, the muscles, the muscles of the face have the function of – on the one hand, they are attached to the bones of the facial skeleton, and the other woven into the skin. With the decline of the muscle pulling on the skin, in charge of a particular emotion.
The severity and depth of facial wrinkles, it depends on two factors – the degree of expressiveness of mimic the activity and the age and characteristics of the skin.
The appearance of facial wrinkles is not always possible to be explained only on the age characteristics of the skin, is often present in young patients (25-30 years), they have a habit to frown, raise the eyebrows and wrinkle the forehead.
With age, as a result of a decrease in the elasticity of the skin, the marks of wrinkles remain even when we relax the muscles of the face. In a heavy person's activity and the wrinkles can become quite deep, making them visible to the rest.
Injections of botulinum toxin type a may be the only way to significantly reduce the severity of the facial wrinkles, and is a complex treatment for you to get rid of them completely. This is the default method for the correction of facial wrinkles, without the use of the following methods of treatment will not bring results. For more than 20 years, botulinum toxin injections are one of the most common cosmetic procedure in aesthetic medicine.
How does the botulinum toxin?
When injected into muscles, botulinum toxin blocks release of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which is necessary for the implementation of the neuromuscular transmission. In the result of a muscle relaxation associated with a person's wrinkles. At aesthetic medicine in Russia, the use of several types of products that contain botulinum toxin.
The production of various medicines has its own technical characteristics – to be used in a variety of types of bacteria, a variety of methods for the purification and recovery. For the measurement of the activity of the drugs by the use of a variety of biological tests, in this regard, the unit of activity may be different. For example, for correcting wrinkles in the area between the eyebrows is the claim from 13 to 20 UNITS of Botox, and 30-50 IU of Dysport. That is, the number you enter for the procedure, the preparation, the result and the cost will be about the same, while the units of each drug has its own.
That is written in the correction of mimic wrinkles with botulinum toxin?
Botulinum toxin injections are used for the correction of glabellar wrinkles wrinkles on the bridge of the nose, around the eyes (crow's feet), forehead, above upper lip and neck area and décolleté. The injections of Botox, or Dysport recommended not only for patients with an already formed wrinkles, but also to young adults with active expressions. Time correction can help the patient to wean from the habit to be active, mimic the movements that allows you to postpone the appearance of facial wrinkles and, when regularly carried out the procedures for the complete prevention of its occurrence,
Who should not use Botox treatment?
- Pregnancy and lactation
- Exacerbation of a chronic infection
- Allergy history
- Myasthenia gravis
- Hypersensitivity to injection procedures
- Inflammatory diseases of the skin
- To the administration of antibacterial preparations of tetracyclines, macrolides, aminoglycosides later than 2 weeks prior to the procedure
- Hypersensitivity to the drug
- The surplus of tissue, and hernias of the eyelids
As is the case of botulinum toxin therapy?
Of the drug, as well as the required number of units for the repair of a specific area, selects a doctor on the basis of the examination, imitate the activities and preferences of the patient
Recovery procedures and recommendations
At the end of the procedure, the treatment may be some pain at the injection site may occur a small hematoma. These appear to be by himself for a couple of days ago, and did not require additional treatment.
The recommendations at the end of the procedure
- To do a active imitate the movements in the field of administration, to frown, wrinkle the forehead), within a period of 1 hour after the completion of the procedure
- For you to get off of alcohol within a period of 1-7 days
- To exclude visits to spas, saunas, steam rooms, within a period of 1-7 days
- Don't touch, don't link to the site of administration of the drug for 1-3 days
- For you to get off the exercise, within a period of 1-7 days
The result is, and the majority of the procedures
The drug is a liquid solution that is injected with a syringe into the area of the projection of the facial muscles, the activity of which has to be attenuated. As a rule, the procedure does not require anesthesia and patients tolerate easily enough.
The effect of the drug begins at about 3-5 days of the procedure and appears to reduce the activity of the muscles in the treatment area. The patient noted a weight when frowning or wrinkling the forehead. Due to the removal of Hyper-tonus of the muscles, the smoothing of mimic wrinkles, in some cases, they disappear completely. The result of this procedure, it is estimated that 10 to 14 days, in some cases, required the administration of lower doses of the drug.
The deep creases may require additional corrective procedures such as laser resurfacing, or a facial. All these procedures are preferably carried out in the background of a reduced mimic activity, it is the method of treatment should be the first.
The effect of the drug lasts for 3 to 8 months, after this period of time, the work of the muscles is fully restored. As a rule, the procedure for the enforcement of the Botox or Dysport is repeated 2 to 3 times a year.